Understanding Router WAN Connection Configuration Capabilities

Not a network engineer here, but am fairly knowledgeable but am unfamiliar with how the router config works. See attached pictures for the following question.

  1. In this configuration, are all connections working together as in a balanced bonded (all sharing the load) connection? When I look at Status/Real-Time reporting, it seems like the load is not balanced across all connections and usually I find that the cellular connections seem to always carry more of the load when I would think it all would be equal?

  1. In this configuration, it doesn’t seem like the priority 2 connections ever get used, is that what standby means? I thought priority 2 meant, if priority 1 connections fail then priority 2 connections would be used followed by priority 3, etc.

  2. In this configuration are both cellular sims equal priority? how does the router perform when both sims are priority 1? Can they both really be the same priority?

I could not find any documentation on how the router uses these priority levels and what it actually means.

  1. When all connections are in priority one and are deemed healthy (green square icons) you can use any of the available load balancing algorithms on the device which you configure using outbound policies.

  2. In this configuration, only the healthy connections in priority 1 (wifi WANs in this case) will be used by outbound traffic. The connections in priority2 are in standby as they will not be actively used for outbound traffic unless all connections in priority one become unhealthy.

  3. Yes both are in priority one and both can be used in a load balanced manner by outbound traffic because they are healthy (green icon). How they are used is defined in outbound policies.


This is a bit old now, but I wrote a blog post about managing WANs using outbound policies that you might find useful